In 1947, according to resolution 181 (II) of the General Assembly, which foresaw the creation of Israel and Palestine States, Jerusalem was envisaged as a demilitarized zone, as a separate entity under the responsibility of the UN Trusteeship Council, which would prepare a statute for the city in force for ten years and would appoint a governor.
Nevertheless, the resolution could not be implemented due to ongoing hostilities, because Israel occupied the west sector of Jerusalem and Jordan the East one. Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital and Jordan formalized its control over the old city in 1950, although subject to a final solution of the Palestinian issue.
After the 1967 war, Israel managed to occupy East Jerusalem and West Bank, and has made demographic and physical changes that the General Assembly and the Security Council have repeatedly declared invalid since then.
Israel took steps to establish the capital in an unified Jerusalem in 1980 and the General Assembly considered that Israel's action was a violation of International law including the “Fourth Geneva Convention” on the protection of civilians in wartime. This position has been repeatedly reaffirmed by the United Nations.
Jerusalem Capital of Arab Culture 2009.
The celebration of Jerusalem as the Arab Cultural Capital in 2009 between Arab countries and international community, confirms Jerusalem as an integral part of the occupied territories in 1967.
Moreover, this celebration reaffirms that Jerusalem is the capital of the Independent Palestinian state with its Arab cultural identity and support of its people against Israeli occupation.